County Fermanagh is in the northern province of Ulster and is part of Northern Ireland.
Fermanagh borders County Tyrone to the north-east, County Monaghan to the south-east, County Cavan to the south-west, County Leitrim to the west and County Donegal to the north-west. The county town, Enniskillen, is situated in the middle of the county.
It is mainly rural and is situated largely in the basin of the River Erne. It is dominated by two connected lakes, Upper and Lower Lough Erne, and is approximately 120 km (75 mi) from Belfast and 160 km (99 mi) from Dublin.
30% of Fermanagh is covered with lakes and waterways.
Fermanagh was a stronghold of the Maguire clan and Donn Carrach Maguire (died 1302) was the first of the chiefs of the Maguire dynasty. However, on the confiscation of lands relating to Hugh Maguire,
Fermanagh was divided in similar manner to the other five escheated counties among Scottish and English undertakers and native Irish. The baronies of Knockninny and Magheraboy were allotted to Scottish undertakers, those of Clankelly, Magherastephana and Lurg to English undertakers and those of Clanawley, Coole, and Tyrkennedy, to servitors and natives.
The chief families to benefit under the new settlement were the families of Cole, Blennerhasset, Butler, Hume, and Dunbar.
Agriculture and tourism are two of the most important industries in Fermanagh. The main types of farming in the area are beef, dairy, sheep, pigs and some poultry.
Most of the agricultural land is used as grassland for grazing and silage or hay rather than for other crops.
The waterways are used a lot by cabin cruisers, other small pleasure craft and anglers.
The main town of Fermanagh is Enniskillen (Inis Ceithleann, ‘Ceithleann’s island’).
The island town hosts a range of attractions including the Castle Coole Estate and Enniskillen Castle, which is home to the museum of The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards.
Attractions outside Enniskillen include:
Marble Arch Caves
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